Pilot Test of a Computer-Based System to Help Family Caregivers of Dementia Patients

David H. Gustafson, David H. Gustafson, Olivia J. Cody, Ming Yuan Chih, Darcie C. Johnston, Sanjay Asthana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Family members absorb much of the care of dementia patients. The burden of care substantially impacts caregivers' health, further straining our healthcare system. By 2050, the incidence of Alzheimer's disease will more than double, increasing the numbers of family caregivers proportionally. Interventions that reduce their burden are needed to preserve their health as well as the viability of the healthcare system. Objective: This paper reports on the development and feasibility testing of a computer-based system intended to improve the lives of caregivers. D-CHESS (Dementia-Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System) allows users to obtain information, communicate with other caregivers, get help with care decisions, and share information with experts. Method: Thirty-one caregivers were randomly assigned to an intervention group receiving D-CHESS for 6 months or to a control group receiving a caregiving book. Surveys at 0, 2, 4, and 6 months evaluated caregiver burden, family conflict, satisfaction with decisions, social support, loneliness, anxiety, depression, and coping competence. Results: Survey findings suggest D-CHESS participants may perform better on measures of social support, anxiety, loneliness, and coping competence; the groups were equivalent on caregiver burden, decision satisfaction, and depression, and the control group reported less family conflict than the intervention. D-CHESS use data suggested enhancements to system design and content to increase awareness and use of various features. Conclusion: This study suggests that D-CHESS has potential to positively impact family caregivers and that the system merits further development and investigation with a full-scale clinical trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-550
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • computer-assisted decision making
  • dementia
  • family caregivers
  • health information technology
  • psychological stress
  • social support
  • technological innovations
  • technology
  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Pilot Test of a Computer-Based System to Help Family Caregivers of Dementia Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this