Plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor in human preovulatory follicular fluid

Phillip B.C. Jones, Michael W. Vernon, Ken N. Muse, Thomas E. Curry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


To evaluate the roles of plasminogen activator (PA) and PA inhibitor (PAI) in human ovulation, we obtained follicular fluid and granulosa cells from individual preovulatory follicles of patients undergoing gamete intrafallopian tube transfer. The follicular fluid samples (n = 25) were analyzed for total tissue-type PA antigen, PA enzyme activity by fibrin autography, PAI activity, PAI type 1 (PAI-1) antigen, and PAI-1 mRNA. The follicular fluid of preovulatory follicles contained low levels of total tissue-type PA antigen (<1 ng/mL). Fibrin autography experiments indicated little or no detectable PA activity associated with free or unbound PA. The results of the PAI activity assay and PAI-1 antigen determination support the concept of a relative abundance of PAI compared with PA. Hybridization analysis was used to measure the relative amounts of granulosa cell PAI-1 mRNA. The levels of PAI-1 mRNA correlate with follicular fluid PAI concentrations in individual follicles. Taken together, these results support the idea that there is very little free, or active, PA in follicular fluid of human preovulatory follicles, but there is an abundance of PAI. Furthermore, PAI-1 produced by the granulosa cells may represent a major form of PAI in follicular fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1045
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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