Platelet α-granule cargo packaging and release are affected by the luminal proteoglycan, serglycin

Harry Chanzu, Joshua Lykins, Subershan Wigna-Kumar, Smita Joshi, Irina Pokrovskaya, Brian Storrie, Gunnar Pejler, Jeremy P. Wood, Sidney W. Whiteheart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Serglycin (SRGN) is an intragranular, sulfated proteoglycan in hematopoietic cells that affects granule composition and function. Objective: To understand how SRGN affects platelet granule packaging, cargo release, and extra-platelet microenvironments. Methods: Platelets and megakaryocytes from SRGN−/− mice were assayed for secretion kinetics, cargo levels, granule morphology upon activation, and receptor shedding. Results: Metabolic, 35SO4 labeling identified SRGN as a major sulfated macromolecule in megakaryocytes. SRGN colocalized with α-granule markers (platelet factor 4 [PF4], von Willebrand factor [VWF], and P-selectin), but its deletion did not affect α-granule morphology or number. Platelet α-granule composition was altered, with a reduction in basic proteins (pI ≥8; e.g., PF4, SDF-1, angiogenin) and constitutive release of PF4 from SRGN−/− megakaryocytes. P-Selectin, VWF, and fibrinogen were unaffected. Serotonin (5-HT) uptake and β-hexosaminidase (HEXB) were slightly elevated. Thrombin-induced exocytosis of PF4 from platelets was defective; however, release of RANTES/CCL5 was normal and osteopontin secretion was more rapid. Release of 5-HT and HEXB (from dense granules and lysosomes, respectively) were unaffected. Ultrastructural studies showed distinct morphologies in activated platelets. The α-granule lumen of SRGN−/− platelet had a grainy staining pattern, whereas that of wild-type granules had only fibrous material remaining. α-Granule swelling and decondensation were reduced in SRGN−/− platelets. Upon stimulation of platelets, a SRGN/PF4 complex was released in a time- and agonist-dependent manner. Shedding of GPVI from SRGN−/− platelets was modestly enhanced. Shedding of GP1b was unaffected. Conclusion: The polyanionic proteoglycan SRGN influences α-granule packaging, cargo release, and shedding of platelet membrane proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1082-1095
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis

Keywords

  • exocytosis
  • granule biogenesis
  • megakaryocytes
  • secretion
  • shedding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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