Polycyclic Polyprenylated Acylphloroglucinols Bearing a Lavandulyl-Derived Substituent from Garcinia xanthochymus Fruits

Zhi Hong Xu, Robert B. Grossman, Yu Feng Qiu, Yang Luo, Tian Lan, Xing Wei Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Many type B polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) bear a lavandulyl-derived substituent, and the configurational assignment of this side chain can be difficult and sometimes leads to erroneous conclusions. In this study, 21 PPAPs, including the new xanthochymusones A-I (1-9), have been isolated from the fruits of Garcinia xanthochymus and structurally characterized. The relative configuration of the C-30 stereocenter was assigned by a combination of chemical transformations, 1H-1H coupling constants, conformational analysis, and NOE experiments. The configurational assignment of compound 7 indicates that the relative configuration at C-30 of PPAPs is not always the same. The absolute configurations of the new compounds were assigned by ECD and X-ray diffraction data, as well as by biosynthetic considerations. Analysis of NMR data enabled the configurational revision of garcicowins C and D. All the isolated PPAPs were tested for antiproliferative activity against three human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, including Huh-7, Hep 3B, and HepG2. Compounds 5 and 6, 7-epi-isogarcinol (16), and coccinone C (17) exhibited moderate antiproliferative activity. Compounds 6 and 16 induced apoptosis and inhibited cell migration in Huh-7 cells, probably through downregulating the STAT3 signaling pathway. This study provides effective methods for configurational assignments of type B PPAPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2845-2855
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 23 2022

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© 2022 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry


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