Polymer-coated composite anodes for efficient and stable capacitive deionization

X. Gao, A. Omosebi, N. Holubowitch, A. Liu, K. Ruh, J. Landon, K. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


In the contemporary literature, diminished salt removal in a CDI device is primarily due to carbon oxidation at the anode in aqueous solutions. Therefore, an anion exchange polymer is used to prepare a composite carbon as a CDI anode. Results from repetitive CDI testing shows that more efficient and consistent long-term salt removal is achieved when a flow-through CDI stack is configured with composite anodes compared to polymer-free anodes. Analysis of the effluent pH and steady-state current indicates that this performance improvement may be due to the minimization of parasitic reactions by shielding of the carbon electrodes with the selective polymer layer coated at the anode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center, U.S. Department of Energy [ DE-PI0000017 ]; and the National Science Foundation [ 1520226 ].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016


  • Capacitive deionization
  • Carbon oxidation
  • Effluent pH
  • Performance degradation
  • Polymer-coated carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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