Polysulphated glycosaminoglycans modulate transcription of interleukin-1β treated chondrocytes in monolayer culture

W. Daniel Mertens, J. N. MacLeod, S. L. Fubini, M. Vernier-Singer, A. J. Nixon, R. J. Todhunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of polysulphated glycosaminoglycans (PSGAGs, Adequon®) to modulate the transcription of major articular cartilage matrix proteins and enzymes was examined. Northern blot analyses were used to compare steady-state mRNA levels of type-II procollagen, aggrecan core protein, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, and TIMP-3 in equine chondrocytes grown in monolayer culture. The groups included: control, low-dose (0.1mg/ml) Adequan®, high-dose (1.0mg/ml) Adequan®, IL-1β (10ng/ml), IL-1β with low-dose Adequan®, and IL-1β with high-dose Adequan®. The responses (p<0.05) to treatment were compared with one-way analysis of variance and post hoc least significant difference test. Interleukin-1β significanfiy decreased steady-state levels of type-II procollagen (0.5x) and aggrecan core protein (to undetectable levels) and significantly increased MMP-1 (11.7x), MMP-3 (1.8x), TIMP-1 (1.9x), and TIMP-3 (5.1x). Adequan® alone significantly increased steady-state mRNA levels of type-II procollagen (1.6x) and decreased MMP-1 (0.3x at high-dose only). MMP-3 (0.5x), and TIMP-1 (0.3x at high-dose only). In IL-1β-treated chondrocytes, Adequan® significantly increased steady-state mRNA levels of type-II procollagen (1.4 x of IL1β-treated levels), aggrecan core protein (IL-1β -treated had no detectable expression), and MMP-3 (3.6x at high dose) and significanfiy decreased steady-state mRNA levels of MMP-1 (0.3x), and TIMP-1 (0.2x). This study is the first to demonstrate that Adequan® alters steady-state mRNA levels of key matrix proteins and enzymes; that it counteracts some of the deleterious effects of IL-1β; and that these effects are in part dose-dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Chondrocyte
  • Equine
  • Interleukin-1
  • Polysulphated glycosaminoglycan
  • mRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • General Veterinary

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