Poor inhibitory control is associated with greater stimulation and less sedation following alcohol

Jessica Weafer, K. Luan Phan, Harriet de Wit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale and objective: Poor inhibitory control is a well-established risk factor for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Similarly, greater sensitivity to the stimulant effects and less sensitivity to the sedative effects of alcohol are also strongly linked to risk for AUD. Traditionally, these two risk factors have been considered to be orthogonal, and thus they have been studied independently. However, recent evidence from animal and human studies suggests that they may be related. The current study examined the relationship between inhibitory control and subjective responses to alcohol in a sample of healthy young adults. Methods: Moderate social drinkers (N = 69) first completed the stop signal task to assess inhibitory control. They then participated in four sessions in which they received an oral dose of ethanol (0.8 g/kg) or placebo in alternating order, providing self-report measures of stimulation and sedation on the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES) at regular intervals. Results: Linear mixed effects models showed that poor inhibitory control was associated with greater stimulation and less sedation following alcohol compared with placebo. Conclusion: These findings provide the first direct evidence that individuals with poor inhibitory control experience greater sensitivity to the rewarding, stimulant effects of alcohol, and less sensitivity to the negative, sedative effects. These findings suggest that inhibition and subjective response to alcohol are not independent risk factors, and that together they constitute a heightened profile of risk for AUD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-832
Number of pages8
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume237
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Grants R21 DA037642 (HdW), R01 DA002812 (HdW, KLP), and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Grant K01 AA024519 (JW).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Inhibitory control
  • Reward
  • Sedation
  • Stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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