Position Based and Hybrid Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: A Survey

Baban A. Mahmood, D. Manivannan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Routing protocols for mobile ad-hoc networks can be broadly classified as position-based (geographic) and topology-based. Geographic routing uses location information of nodes to route messages. Geographic routing protocols use greedy forwarding under which a node forwards a packet to a next node which is closer to the destination than itself; when greedy routing fails due to the non-existence of nodes closer to the destination than itself, different protocols use different strategies to forward packets. In this paper, we present a critical survey of the geographic and hybrid routing protocols presented in the literature recently. The main aim of the paper is to provide a timely survey of the recently proposed protocols, complementary to the existing surveys on geographic routing protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1009-1033
Number of pages25
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 22 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


  • Position-based routing
  • Routing in mobile ad hoc networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Position Based and Hybrid Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: A Survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this