Positive Program Evaluation and Health Maintenance among Post-Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Patients Following a 6-Week Pilot Program

Sydney McIntosh, Madison Hayes, Makenzie L. Barr-Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Despite lifestyle changes and medication therapies, weight loss is difficult to maintain. Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) is an effective route for significant weight reduction. However, post-operation there are limited opportunities to support weight loss maintenance. The following study aimed to pilot test a 6-week, 6-session nutrition and support program for post-MBS surgery patients. Materials and Methods: A 6-week post-MBS pilot nutrition and support program was developed to test feasibility and acceptability. Participants completed a baseline survey that included demographics, weight changes, success post-surgery, and self-efficacy of leading a healthy lifestyle. Weight change, percent total weight loss, self-efficacy, and program evaluation measures were assessed. Results: Participants (n = 18) were recruited from a local MBS clinic, predominately female (88.9%), non-Hispanic white (94.4%), received sleeve gastrectomy surgery (100%), and were 2–3 years post-operation (44.4%). Eight of the 18 participants attended the in-person sessions, serving as the intervention group. Both weight loss over and behavioral variables remained stable for both groups across the 6 weeks with no significant differences from pre to post program (p > 0.05). For program evaluation, intervention participants “agreed” or “strongly agreed” with 10 of 11 program satisfaction measures. Conclusion: Following the program, weight loss was maintained among both intervention and control groups. Intervention feedback indicated that the program’s approach to provide nutrition education and support was successful and acceptable. Future enhancement of the intervention should include a broader multidisciplinary approach, longer intervention period, and intentional recruitment of participants with a weight regain. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-533
Number of pages10
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Acceptability
  • Feasibility
  • Nutrition
  • Pilot
  • Post-bariatric surgery
  • Support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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