Positive Psychology: An Empirical Examination of Beneficial Aspects of Endorsement of Masculine Norms

Joseph H. Hammer, Glenn E. Good

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study explored the relations among North American masculine norms, positive psychology strengths, and psychological well-being in a sample of 250 men ranging in age from 18 to 79. Results indicate that men's greater endorsement of traditional Western masculine norms such as risk-taking, dominance, primacy of work, and pursuit of status, was associated with higher levels of personal courage, autonomy, endurance, and resilience. However, conformity to the norms of winning, emotional control, self-reliance, and pursuit of status was associated with lower levels of personal courage, grit, personal control, autonomy, and resilience. Directions for future research and implications for practice are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-318
Number of pages16
JournalPsychology of Men and Masculinity
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Masculinity
  • Men
  • Positive psychology
  • Resilience
  • Strengths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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