Possible Pharmacodynamic and Pharmacokinetic Drug-Drug Interactions That Are Likely to Be Clinically Relevant and/or Frequent in Bipolar Disorder

Jose de Leon, Edoardo Spina

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Patients with bipolar disorder are frequently treated with polypharmacy. This article should provide clinicians with an understanding of how polypharmacy can contribute to pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Recent Findings: The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lithium and other mood stabilizers (valproate, lamotrigine, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, and eslicarbazepine), antipsychotics, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) were reviewed and summarized in the first four tables describing their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic mechanisms. Summary: Four tables summarized the DDIs which are likely to be clinically relevant in adults with bipolar disorder: two for mania treatments (with and without carbamazepine), one for maintenance treatments, and one for depression treatments. The purpose is to be practical, helping clinicians pay attention to and manage polypharmacy, avoiding adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in patients with bipolar disorder, including both the frequent ADRs and those rare but potentially lethal ADRs. Future articles should improve these tables.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Anticonvulsant
  • Antidepressant
  • Antipsychotic
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Drug interactions
  • Lithium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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