Possible ways to minimize nitrosation reactions during post-combustion CO2 capture process

Payal A. Chandan, Joseph E. Remias, Kunlei Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The formation and any emission of nitrosamines in a post-combustion CO2 capture process are of great interest over the past few years even though its concentration is quite low. In the present research, bench scale nitrosation experiments were conducted using morpholine, a representative of secondary amines, with NO2 gas and flue gas. Laboratory experiments with 5M morpholine with 100ppm NO2 gas resulted in 88μg/g nitrosomorpholine (NSMO) in 6h and 450μg/g in 24h. However, coal derived flue gas gave only about 7μg/g NSMO in 24h. To prove the inhibitory effect from SO2 in the flue gas, experiments were conducted with diluted NO2 gas blended with SO2 gas in the feed stream. Formation of NSMO was inhibited by about 53.3% when equal concentrations of SO2 and NO2 existed compared with the same concentration of NO2 gas diluted with N2. The inhibitory effect of SO2 gas was found to be linear with its concentration. Apart from that, the addition of various inhibitors to the amine solution was also evaluated and isoascorbic acid was found the best with 86% inhibition activity under the test conditions. Isoascorbic acid was further examined both under simulated CO2 scrubber and stripper conditions indicating good stability and inhibition performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the Carbon Management Research Group (CMRG) members, including Duke Energy , Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Kentucky Department of Energy Development and Independence (KY-DEDI), Kentucky Power (AEP), and LG&E and KU Energy , for their financial support. Authors would also like to thank John May from ERTL—University of Kentucky for his help during GC–MS analysis. Authors also acknowledge experimental assistance from Caitlyn Bromley and John Hooker.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Amine degradation
  • CO capture
  • Flue gas
  • Inhibitors
  • Nitrosamines
  • Nitrosation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Energy (all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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