The aging population is growing rapidly, raising rates of cognitive impairment, which makes strategies for protection against cognitive impairment increasingly important. There is little evidence indicating highly effective interventions preventing or slowing onset of cognitive impairment. Music playing influences brain and cognitive function, activating multiple brain areas and using cognitive and motor functions as well as multiple sensory systems, simultaneously. The purpose of this study was to review the current evidence related to playing a musical instrument being a potentially protective mechanism against cognitive decline among older adults. Using scoping review procedures, four databases were searched. Paired reviewers analyzed articles for content, design, and bias. Eleven studies met study criteria and were included in the review. All studies showed that music playing was correlated with positive outcomes on cognitive ability; more high-quality research is needed in this area to understand mechanisms behind potential cognitive protection of music.
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Gerontology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank Mark Ingram from the Medical Center Library at the University of Kentucky for developing the search strategies and conducting the search. The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
© The Author(s) 2018.
- music playing
- musical training
- protective affects
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology