Power Factor and Reactive Power in US Residences - Survey and EnergyPlus Modeling

Hope C. Anderson, Abdullah Al Hadi, Evan S. Jones, Dan M. Ionel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electric power systems are experiencing a growing number of electronic loads in the residential sector as modern appliance technology progresses, and it has become increasingly more important to consider the total power factor (PF) of residential communities. This paper provides a survey based on literature and publicly available information of typical appliance PF values and effects at the residential level as well as a discussion on appliance energy use and corresponding operation schedules. A procedure for the calculation of equivalent PF is proposed and exemplified with minutely experimental data at 15-minute and hourly time intervals, which correspond to smart metering and traditional practices, respectively. The application of the proposed equivalent PF procedure in coordination with building energy modeling, may, in principle, be employed to determine PF for entire communities at an aggregated level. The paper includes a proposal to simulate reactive power through an approach that utilizes EnergyPlus, a building energy modeling software. Such simulation capability could facilitate improved planning for compensation implementation both in electric power distribution networks and in individual residences, which offers significant opportunity for energy savings.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication10th IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2021
Pages418-422
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781665445245
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event10th IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2021 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: Sep 26 2021Sep 29 2021

Publication series

Name10th IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2021

Conference

Conference10th IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2021
Country/TerritoryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period9/26/219/29/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

Keywords

  • Appliances
  • Building Energy Modeling (BEM)
  • Energy Use/Consumption
  • Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC)
  • Losses, Power Factor (PF)
  • Reactive Power
  • Schedules
  • Smart Grids
  • Smart Home

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Control and Optimization

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