Predictive Neuromuscular Fatigue of the Lower Extremity Utilizing Computer Modeling

Michael A. Samaan, Joshua T. Weinhandl, Steven A. Hans, Sebastian Y. Bawab, Stacie I. Ringleb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This paper studies the modeling of lower extremity muscle forces and their correlation to neuromuscular fatigue. Two analytical fatigue models were combined with a musculoskeletal model to estimate the effects of hamstrings fatigue on lower extremity muscle forces during a side step cut. One of the fatigue models (Tang) used subject-specific knee flexor muscle fatigue and recovery data while the second model (Xia) used previously established fatigue and recovery parameters. Both fatigue models were able to predict hamstrings fatigue within 20% of the experimental data, with the semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles demonstrating the largest (11%) and smallest (1%) differences, respectively. In addition, various hamstrings fatigue levels (10-90%) on lower extremity muscle force production were assessed using one of the analytical fatigue models. As hamstrings fatigue levels increased, the quadriceps muscle forces decreased by 21% (p < 0.01), while gastrocnemius muscle forces increased by 36% (p < 0.01). The results of this study validate the use of two analytical fatigue models in determining the effects of neuromuscular fatigue during a side step cut, and therefore, this model can be used to assess fatigue effects on risk of lower extremity injury during athletic maneuvers. Understanding the effects of fatigue on muscle force production may provide insight on muscle group compensations that may lead to altered lower extremity motion patterns as seen in noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011008
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2016 by ASME.


  • hamstrings
  • lower extremity
  • musculoskeletal modeling
  • neuromuscular fatigue
  • side step cut

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)


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