Predictors of arterial stiffness in law enforcement officers

Jason M. Keeler, Bradley S. Fleenor, Jody L. Clasey, Arnold Stromberg, Mark G. Abel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Compare arterial stiffness among law enforcement officers (LEOs) versus general population normative values and identify predictors of arterial stiffness in LEOs. Methods: Seventy male LEOs (age: 24–54 years) completed body composition, blood pressures, physical activity level, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) measurements. T-tests and regression analyses were utilized to compare LEO data to normative data and predict cfPWV, respectively. Results: Compared to similar age strata within the general population, cfPWV was lower among LEO’s under 30-years (mean difference = −0.6 m·s−1 ), but higher among LEOs 50–55-years (mean difference = 1.1 m·s−1 ). Utilizing regression, age, relative body fat, and diastolic blood pressure explained the greatest variance in LEO’s cfPWV (adj. R2 = 0.56, p < 0.001). Conclusion: This investigation demonstrated that arterial stiffness may progress more rapidly in LEOs and LEOs’ relative body fat and blood pressure may primarily affect arterial stiffness and risk of CVD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10190
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: The authors would like to acknowledge the support and participation of all the Law Enforcement Officers and Administrators who made this work possible. Secondly, the authors would like to thank the University of Kentucky and specifically the College of Education as this work was funded by the Turner-Thacker Graduate Student Research Grant.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
  • Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV)
  • Law enforcement officers (LEOs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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