Predictors of Latinx Youth Health and Emotional Well-being: Social Determinants of Health Perspective

Mary Lehman Held, Aubrey Jones, Shandra Forrest-Bank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Latinx youth disproportionately experience numerous negative social determinants of health (SDOH) that can have deleterious impacts on health outcomes. Yet, limited research is available on the role of SDOH on the well-being of Latinx adolescents. Utilizing data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study examined the association between variables representing five discrete domains of SDOH and health and emotional well-being outcomes among youth of Latinx mothers (N = 745). The study included 15-year-old youth of Latina mothers who were retained in the most recent wave of data collection (wave 6). Using Mplus8, we performed structural equation modeling to determine whether exogenous indicators of five domains of SDOH (economic stability, education, neighborhood and built environment, social and community context, and health care access) predicted adolescent health status and emotional well-being. SDOH specific to social, educational, and neighborhood factors emerged as significant predictors of health and well-being. Yet, variation existed in regard to which SDOH were most important for each outcome variable. Findings suggest that several SDOH, including economic stability, education, neighborhood and built environment, and social and community context, are particularly important for Latinx adolescent well-being. Implications for social work practice and policy are presented. Future studies should examine the longitudinal impact of SDOH and should examine Latinx youth by nativity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1188-1201
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of racial and ethnic health disparities
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute.

Keywords

  • Emotional well-being
  • Health status
  • Latinx adolescents
  • Social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors of Latinx Youth Health and Emotional Well-being: Social Determinants of Health Perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this