Predominantly female caseloads: Identifying organizational correlates in private substance abuse treatment centers

Shannon M. Tinney, Carrie B. Oser, J. Aaron Johnson, Paul M. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This study used a national sample of private substance abuse treatment centers to identify the organizational attributes characterizing facilities with a predominantly female caseload. Data were drawn from the National Treatment Center Study, a nationally representative study of private-sector alcohol and drug abuse treatment centers (N = 365). Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to explore which organizational characteristics are associated with higher percentages of women in treatment. Private substance abuse treatment facilities were more likely to have a predominantly female caseload if they (1) offered childcare programs, (2) had a higher percentage of families participating in treatment, (3) treated psychiatric disorders, (4) employed a greater percentage of counselors with at least a master's degree, (5) received a higher proportion of referrals from mental health sources and a lower proportion of referrals from workplace-based referral sources, and (6) accepted higher proportions of Medicare and/or Medicaid clients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-417
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Behavioral Health Services and Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge and greatly appreciate the support awarded to the second author by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (R01-4AA-10130, and Training Grant T32-4AA-07473), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01-4DA-13110), and National Institute on Drug Abuse Dissertation Grant (R03-4DA-107199-01). The authors also thank Hannah Knudsen, Loft Ducharme, 3 anonymous reviewers, and the journal's editor for their helpful comments.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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