Recently, ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), the defective molecule in Tangier disease, has been shown to stimulate phospholipid and cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I); however, little is known concerning the cellular cholesterol pools that act as the source of cholesterol for ABCA1-mediated efflux. We observed a higher level of isotopic and mass cholesterol efflux from mouse peritoneal macrophages labeled with [ 3H]cholesterol/acetyl low density lipoprotein (where cholesterol accumulates in late endosomes and lysosomes) compared with cells labeled with [3H]cholesterol with 10% fetal bovine serum, suggesting that late endosomes/lysosomes act as a preferential source of cholesterol for ABCA1-mediated efflux. Consistent with this idea, macrophages from Niemann-Pick C1 mice that have an inability to exit cholesterol from late endosomes/ lysosomes showed a profound defect in cholesterol efflux to apoA-I. In contrast, phospholipid efflux to apoA-I was normal in Niemann-Pick C1 macrophages, as was cholesterol efflux following plasma membrane cholesterol labeling. These results suggest that cholesterol deposited in late endosomes/lysosomes preferentially acts as a source of cholesterol for ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 23 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology