Preliminary results of interstitial motexafin lutetium-mediated PDT for prostate cancer

K. L. Du, R. Mick, T. M. Busch, T. C. Zhu, J. C. Finlay, G. Yu, A. G. Yodh, S. B. Malkowicz, D. Smith, R. Whittington, D. Stripp, S. M. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


Background and Objectives: Interstitial photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an emerging modality for the treatment of solid organ disease. Our group at the University of Pennsylvania has performed extensive studies that demonstrate the feasibility of interstitial PDT for prostate cancer. Our preclinical and clinical experience is herein detailed. Study Design/Materials and Methods: We have treated 16 canines in preclinical studies, and 16 human subjects in a Phase I study, using motexafin lutetium-mediated PDT for recurrent prostate adenocarcinoma. Dosimetry of light fluence, drug level and oxygen distribution for these patients were performed. Results: We demonstrate the safe and comprehensive treatment of the prostate using PDT. However, there is significant variability in the dose distribution and the subsequent tissue necrosis throughout the prostate. Conclusions: PDT is an attractive option for the treatment of prostate adenocarcinoma. However, the observed variation in PDT dose distribution translates into uncertain therapeutic reproducibility. Our future focus will be on the development of an integrated system that is able to both detect and compensate for dose variations in real-time, in order to deliver a consistent overall PDT dose distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-434
Number of pages8
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2006


  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Motexafin lutetium
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology


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