Prenatal Hair Nicotine Analysis in Homes with Multiple Smokers

Kristin Ashford, Susan Westneat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Prenatal exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is responsible for adverse perinatal outcomes, including preterm birth. Smoking at home is the primary source of exposure to women during pregnancy. Hair nicotine analysis of mothers and infants was used to describe the relationship between prenatal SHS exposure and number of household smokers. Maternal hair nicotine was strongly correlated with the number of household smokers and was a more sensitive measure of household smoking than infant hair. Home smoking bans and focused public media campaigns on the harmful effects of SHS exposure are necessary prevention strategies to avoid adverse perinatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalNursing Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This study was funded by a University of Kentucky Faculty Research Grant and completed in part by a United States Public Health Service grant supporting the University of Kentucky General Clinical Research Center #M01RR02602 . This publication was made possible by grant number K12DA14040 from the Office of Women’s Health Research and the National Institute on Drug Abuse at the National Institute of Health . Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of National Institutes of Health.


  • Biomarker
  • Nicotine
  • Pregnancy
  • Preterm birth
  • Secondhand smoke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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