Preparation Ferrule Design Effect on Endocrown Failure Resistance

Michael Einhorn, Nicholas DuVall, Michael Wajdowicz, John Brewster, Howard Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of preparation ferrule inclusion with fracture resistance of mandibular molar endocrowns. Materials and Methods: Recently extracted mandibular third molars were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 12) with the coronal tooth structure removed perpendicular to the root long axis approximately 2 mm above the cemento-enamel junction with a slow-speed diamond saw. The pulp chamber was exposed using a diamond bur in a high-speed handpiece with pulpal remnants removed and canals instrumented using endodontic hand instruments. The chamber floor was restored using a resin core material with a two-step, self-etch adhesive and photopolymerized with a visible light-curing unit to create a 2 mm endocrown preparation pulp chamber extension. One and two millimeter ferrule height groups were prepared using a diamond bur in a high-speed handpiece following CAD/CAM guidelines. Completed preparation surface area was determined using a digital measuring microscope. Scanned preparations were restored with lithium disilicate restorations with a self-adhesive resin luting agent. All manufacturer recommendations were followed. Specimens were stored at 37°C/98% humidity and tested to failure after 24 hours at a 45° angle to the tooth long axis using a universal testing machine. Failure load was converted to MPa using the available bonding surface area with mean data analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn (p = 0.05). Results: Calculated failure stress found no difference in failure resistance among the three groups; however, failure load results identified that the endocrown preparations without ferrule had significantly lower fracture load resistance. Failure mode analysis identified that all preparations demonstrated a high number of catastrophic failures. Conclusions: Under the conditions of this study, ferrule-containing endocrown preparations demonstrated significantly greater failure loads than standard endocrown restorations; however, calculated failure stress based on available surface area for adhesive bonding found no difference between the groups. Lower instances of catastrophic failure were observed with the endocrown preparations containing 1 mm of preparation ferrule design; however, regardless of the presence of ferrule, this study found that all endocrown restorations suffered a high proportion of catastrophic failures but at loads greater than reported under normal masticatory function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e237-e242
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019


  • endodontically treated teeth
  • failure load
  • failure stress
  • lithium disilicate
  • preparation features

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry (all)


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