Prescription opiate misuse among rural stimulant users in a multistate community-based study

Jennifer R. Havens, William W. Stoops, Carl G. Leukefeld, Thomas F. Garrity, Robert G. Carlson, Russel Falck, Jichuan Wang, Brenda M. Booth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Objectives: The purpose of the current analysis was to examine the factors associated with prescription opiate misuse among stimulant users from rural counties in Arkansas, Kentucky, and Ohio (N = 714). Methods: Multiple logistic regression was utilized to determine the independent correlates of recent (prior 6 months) prescription opiate misuse. Results: More than half of participants (53.2%) reported prescription opiate misuse in the previous 6 months. Other drug use (heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana) and anxiety (Adjusted Odds Ratio: 2.04, 95% Confidence Interval: 1.60, 2.59) were independently associated with prescription opiate misuse. Chronic pain and other health indicators were not associated with prescription opiate misuse after adjustment for covariates. Conclusions: Results indicate that illicit drug involvement and psychiatric symptoms may be driving the high rates of prescription opiate misuse among rural stimulant users. These findings have implications for the provision of treatment in resource-deprived rural areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


  • Cocaine
  • Methamphetamine
  • Prescription opiate
  • Rural
  • Stimulant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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