Pretest-posttest designs and measurement of change

Dimiter M. Dimitrov, Phillip D. Rumrill

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

525 Scopus citations


The article examines issues involved in comparing groups and measuring change with pretest and posttest data. Different pretest-posttest designs are presented in a manner that can help rehabilitation professionals to better understand and determine effects resulting from selected interventions. The reliability of gain scores in pretest-posttest measurement is also discussed in the context of rehabilitation research and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-165
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2003


  • Measurement of change
  • Pretest-posttest designs
  • Treatment effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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