Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Foodborne Pathogens Isolated from Dairy Cattle and Poultry Manure Amended Farms in Northeastern Ohio, the United States

Woinshet Hailu, Yosra A. Helmy, Geoffrey Carney-Knisely, Michael Kauffman, Dean Fraga, Gireesh Rajashekara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Foodborne pathogens significantly impact public health globally. Excessive antimicrobial use plays a significant role in the development of the public health crisis of antibiotic resistance. Here, we determined the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of E. coli O157, Salmonella, L. monocytogenes, and Campylobacter isolated between 2016 and 2020 from small scale agricultural settings that were amended with dairy cattle or poultry manure in Northeastern Ohio. The total prevalence of the foodborne pathogens was 19.3%: Campylobacter 8%, Listeria monocytogenes 7.9%, Escherichia coli O157 1.8%, and Salmonella 1.5%. The prevalence was significantly higher in dairy cattle (87.7%) compared to poultry (12.2%) manure amended farms. Furthermore, the prevalence was higher in manure samples (84%) compared to soil samples (15.9%; p < 0.05). Multiple drug resistance was observed in 73%, 77%, 100%, and 57.3% of E. coli O157, Salmonella, L. monocytogenes, and Campylobacter isolates recovered, respectively. The most frequently observed resistance genes were mphA, aadA, and aphA1 in E. coli O157; blaTEM, tet(B), and strA in Salmonella; penA, ampC, lde, ermB, tet(O), and aadB in L. monocytogenes and blaOXA-61, tet(O), and aadE in Campylobacter. Our results highlight the critical need to address the dissemination of foodborne pathogens and antibiotic resistance in agricultural settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1450
JournalAntibiotics
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by federal and state funds appropriated to the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University. Woinshet Hailu was supported by Sustainable One Health Research Training Capacity (OHEART): Molecular epidemiology of zoonotic foodborne and waterborne pathogens in Eastern Africa, funded by the NIH Fogarty International Center (D43TW008650), through the Global One Health initiative (GOHi).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Campylobacter
  • Correlation
  • Diversity
  • E. coli O157
  • Foodborne pathogens
  • L. monocytogenes
  • Phenotypic and genotypic
  • Salmonella

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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