Prevalence and factors of compassion fatigue among Chinese psychiatric nurses: A cross-sectional study

Wanqing Xie, Jialin Wang, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli, Huijuan He, Fen Feng, Linli Zhuang, Ping Tang, Li Zeng, Man Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Compassion fatigue has emerged as a detrimental consequence of experiencing work-related stress among psychiatric nurses, and affected the job performance, emotional and physical health of psychiatric nurses. However, researches on Chinese psychiatric nurses' compassion fatigue are dearth. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors of compassion fatigue among Chinese psychiatric nurses.All participants completed the demographic questionnaire and the Chinese version of Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL-CN). One-way ANOVA, t-tests, Levene test and multiple linear regression analysis were conducted to evaluate factors associated with compassion fatigue.A total of 352 psychiatric nurses in 9 psychiatric hospitals from the Chengdu, Wuhan, and Hefei were surveyed. The mean scores of compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary traumatic stress were 32.59 ± 7.124, 26.92 ± 6.003 and 25.97 ± 5.365, respectively. Four variables of job satisfaction, exercise, had children, and age range from 36 to 50 years explained 30.7% of the variance in compassion satisfaction. Job satisfaction, sleeping quality, and marital status accounted for 40.4% variables in burnout. Furthermore, job satisfaction, average sleeping quality, and years of nursing experience remained significantly associated with secondary trauma stress, explaining 10.9% of the variance.Compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary traumatic stress among Chinese psychiatric nurses were at the level of moderate. The higher job satisfaction, healthy lifestyle (high sleep quality and regular exercise), and family support (children, stable and harmonious marital status) positively influenced compassion satisfaction and negatively associated with burnout or secondary traumatic stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E21083
JournalMedicine (United States)
Issue number29
StatePublished - Jul 17 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study is supported by the Mental Health Education Research Center of Sichuan Province (XLJKJY1908B), Sichuan Center for Education Development Research (CJF19019), and “XingLin Scholars” talent program of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (JSZX2018008).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.


  • China
  • compassion fatigue
  • factors
  • prevalence
  • psychiatric nurses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)


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