Prevalence and risk factors for hypertension among older Kentucky farmers

Robin L. Heath, Steven R. Browning, Deborah B. Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This study provides data on the prevalence of self-reported hypertension among actively working, male, Kentucky farmers, aged 55 years and older surveyed in the Kentucky Farm Family Health and Hazard Surveillance Study. In addition, we examined self-reported hypertension prevalence of Kentucky farmers in association with other comorbid chronic health conditions and with selected behavioral and anthropometric risk factors. A two-stage cluster design was used, with a random sample of 998 male Kentucky farmers, aged 55 years and older, selected for a 30-minute telephone interview (response rate = 71−). A logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the magnitude of association between potential risk factors and hypertension. The overall hypertension prevalence among older Kentucky farmers was 38.1− (95− CI: 35.0-41.1). Compared to nonhypertensive older farmers, hypertensive older farmers were at increased risk for diabetes (OR = 3.1), stroke (OR = 2.7), arteriosclerosis (OR = 2.7), and heart attack (OR = 3.7). Logistic regression analysis identified increasing body mass index as a risk factor. The active lifestyle of working farmers may be a factor influencing the prevalence of hypertension in this population. Appropriate intervention efforts should be targeted toward this population with regard to weight reduction and moderate physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-58
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Agromedicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2 1999


  • Agriculture
  • Geriatrics
  • Hypertension
  • Occupational health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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