Prevalence of Osteopathy in Chronic Pancreatitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Daryl Ramai, Antonio Facciorusso, Marcello Maida, Gabriele Capurso, Saurabh Chandan, Marco Spadaccini, Roberta Elisa Rossi, Cesare Hassan, Alessandro Repici, Sinead Duggan, Darwin L. Conwell, Phil A. Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Individuals with chronic pancreatitis (CP) are at increased risk for nutritional complications during their clinical course. We appraised the literature to provide updated estimates of the prevalence and predictors of osteoporosis, osteopenia, and osteopathy in CP using a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Search strategies were developed for major databases from inception through October 2021. Outcomes of interest included rates of osteopenia and osteoporosis based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans and risk factors. A random-effects model was used for analysis, and results were expressed as pooled cumulative rates along with 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: From an initial total of 1,704 identified articles, we ultimately selected 17 studies that involved 1,659 subjects (n = 1,067 men) with CP. The pooled rate of osteopathy was 58% (95% CI: 49%-67%; P < 0.001; I 2 = 91.8%). The pooled rate of osteoporosis was 18% (95% CI: 12%-23%; P < 0.001; I 2 = 86.3%), and the pooled rate of osteopenia was 39% (95% CI: 31%-48%; P < 0.001; I 2 = 91.53%). In the systematic review, factors associated with decreased bone mineral density included smoking, alcohol consumption, older age, female sex, low body mass index, decreased vitamins D and K, and fecal elastase levels. DISCUSSION: Patients with CP have high rates of osteopathy when assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry imaging. Additional studies with longitudinal follow-up are needed to understand the observed heterogeneity, the cumulative burden of disease, and rate of bone loss in CP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e00623
JournalClinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of The American College of Gastroenterology.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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