Primary antibody responses to thymus-independent antigens in the lungs and hilar lymph nodes of mice

S. N. Goud, A. M. Kaplan, B. Subbarao

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16 Scopus citations


B lymphocytes from the pulmonary lymphoid tissues were stimulated with a variety of thymus-independent (TI) antigens by intratracheal (i.t.) immunization. Immune responses in the lungs and hilar lymph nodes (HLN), which are part of the localized lymphoid tissue, as well as in the spleen, the systemic lymphoid organ, were studied. Thus, primary i.t. immunization of mice with the TI-1 antigen trinitrophenyl-lipopolysaccharide (TNP-LPS) elicited both antigen-specific and polyclonal plaque-forming cell responses from HLN, lung, and splenic B lymphocytes. These responses appeared as early as 3 days after immunization and declined by day 7. Similar immunization with another TI-1 antigen, TNP-Brucella abortus, resulted in anti-TNP responses in both pulmonary and systemic lymphoid tissues, although the kinetics of the antibody response were different than those to TNP-LPS. Interestingly an i.t. immunization with a TI-2 antigen, TNP-Ficoll, failed to induce an anti-TNP PFC response from HLN and lung B cells, although there was good antibody formation from splenic B cells. Antibody response to TNP-Ficoll was restored in pulmonary tissues when mice were immunized with TNP-Ficoll mixed with unconjugated B. abortus. In conclusion, our results indicate that TI-1 and TI-2 antigens differ in their ability to induce antibody responses in the pulmonary lymphoid tissues. The inability of TNP-Ficoll to elicit an antibody response in pulmonary lymphoid tissues has significance in the development of vaccines containing bacterial polysaccharides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2035-2041
Number of pages7
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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