The study aims were to compare lipid (malondialdehyde [MDA], 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal [HNE]) and protein (carbonyl content [CAR]) oxidation products between two bison muscles (longissimus lumborum [LL] and psoas major [PM]) at different aging and retail display time and determine their influence on muscle color stability. Regardless of the aging and retail display time, LL showed greater redness (a* value; P = 0.04) and lower surface discoloration (P < 0.01) than PM as well as LL exhibited lower MDA, HNE, and CAR content compared to PM (P < 0.05). In both muscles, MDA showed the highest correlation to a* (r = −0.78; P < 0.01) and discoloration (rs = 0.82; P < 0.01) scores, particularly in PM muscle compared to LL muscle. In conclusion, the principal component analysis revealed 4 distinct color deterioration clusters within steaks displayed at d 4 according to the muscle and aging time, and MDA critically influences color deterioration patterns in bison muscles.
|State||Published - Aug 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are thankful to Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Discovery Grants Program # RGPIN-2016-06006 ) for providing the funds to conduct this research work.
- Carbonyl content
- Color stability
- Discoloration mechanisms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science