Understanding gluon density distributions and how they are modified in nuclei are among the most important goals in nuclear physics. In recent years, diffractive vector meson production measured in ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) at heavy-ion colliders has provided a new tool for probing the gluon density. In this Letter, we report the first measurement of J/ψ photoproduction off the deuteron in UPCs at the center-of-mass energy sNN=200 GeV in d+Au collisions. The differential cross section as a function of momentum transfer -t is measured. In addition, data with a neutron tagged in the deuteron-going zero-degree calorimeter is investigated for the first time, which is found to be consistent with the expectation of incoherent diffractive scattering at low momentum transfer. Theoretical predictions based on the color glass condensate saturation model and the leading twist approximation nuclear shadowing model are compared with the data quantitatively. A better agreement with the saturation model has been observed. With the current measurement, the results are found to be directly sensitive to the gluon density distribution of the deuteron and the deuteron breakup process, which provides insights into the nuclear gluonic structure.
|Journal||Physical Review Letters|
|State||Published - Mar 25 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank the RHIC Operations Group and RCF at BNL, the NERSC Center at LBNL, and the Open Science Grid consortium for providing resources and support. This work was supported in part by the Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. DOE Office of Science; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation; National Natural Science Foundation of China; Chinese Academy of Science; the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the Chinese Ministry of Education; the Higher Education Sprout Project by the Ministry of Education at NCKU; the National Research Foundation of Korea; Czech Science Foundation and Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic; Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office; New National Excellency Programme of the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities; Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India; the National Science Centre of Poland; the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia; RosAtom of Russia and German Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung and Technologie (BMBF); Helmholtz Association; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT); and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).
© 2022 American Physical Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (all)