Procollagen C-endopeptidase enhancer protein 2 (PCPE2) reduces atherosclerosis in mice by enhancing scavenger receptor class B1 (SR-BI)-mediated high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesteryl ester uptake

Ricquita D. Pollard, Christopher N. Blesso, Manal Zabalawi, Brian Fulp, Mark Gerelus, Xuewei Zhu, Erica W. Lyons, Nebil Nuradin, Omar L. Francone, Xiang An Li, Daisy Sahoo, Michael J. Thomas, Mary G. Sorci-Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies in human populations have shown a significant correlation between procollagen C-endopeptidase enhancer protein 2 (PCPE2) single nucleotide polymorphisms and plasma HDL cholesterol concentrations. PCPE2, a 52-kDa glycoprotein located in the extracellular matrix, enhances the cleavage of C-terminal procollagen by bone morphogenetic protein 1 (BMP1). Our studies here focused on investigating the basis for the elevated concentration of enlarged plasma HDL in PCPE2-deficient mice to determine whether they protected against diet-induced atherosclerosis. PCPE2-deficient mice were crossed with LDL receptor-deficient mice to obtain LDLr-/-, PCPE2-/- mice, which had elevated HDL levels compared with LDLr-/- mice with similar LDL concentrations. We found that LDLr-/-, PCPE2-/- mice had significantly more neutral lipid and CD68+ infiltration in the aortic root than LDLr-/- mice. Surprisingly, in light of their elevated HDL levels, the extent of aortic lipid deposition in LDLr-/-, PCPE2-/- mice was similar to that reported for LDLr-/-, apoA-I-/- mice, which lack any apoA-I/HDL. Furthermore, LDLr-/-, PCPE2-/- mice had reduced HDL apoA-I fractional clearance and macrophage to fecal reverse cholesterol transport rates compared with LDLr-/- mice, despite a 2-fold increase in liver SR-BI expression. PCPE2 was shown to enhance SR-BI function by increasing the rate of HDL-associated cholesteryl ester uptake, possibly by optimizing SR-BI localization and/or conformation. We conclude that PCPE2 is atheroprotective and an important component of the reverse cholesterol transport HDL system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15496-15511
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume290
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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