Production and secretion of biologically active human epidermal growth factor in Yarrowia lipolytica

Puthalakath V. Hamsa, Pradeep Kachroo, Bharat B. Chattoo

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19 Scopus citations


The gene encoding human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) was expressed as a fusion protein with the leader peptide and pro I region of alkaline extracellular protease in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. hEGF was purified from culture supernatant by reverse-phase chromatography and analysed by Western-blot hybridisations. The biologically active hEGF in the purified sample was assayed using the radioreceptor assay and estimated to be 100 μg/l. However, the level of expression was found to be substantially low compared to the levels of homolo gous protein, alkaline extracellular protease (AEP), possibly due to degradation by secreted acid protease(s). A novel and sensitive bioassay was developed to determine the biological activity of hEGF produced at low levels and is based on the effect produced by hEGF in the regenerating tails of the wall lizard. Intramuscular injections of culture supernatant from the recombinant yeast and the standard hEGF led to a drastic reduction in tail regeneration confirming the biological activity of the recombinant hEGF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Genetics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge the generosity of Dr. C. Gaillardin (Institut National Agronomique, Paris-Grignon, France) for the plasmids and yeast strains, and Prof. A. V. Rama-chandran (Department of Zoology, M. S. University of Baroda, India) for help with the lizards. The project was supported by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India and the Indo-Swiss Collaborative Program in Biotechnology.


  • Alkaline extracellular protease
  • Human epidermal growth factor
  • XPR2
  • Yarrowia lipolytica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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