Profiling the molecular and clinical landscape of glioblastoma utilizing the Oncology Research Information Exchange Network brain cancer database

Alexandra N. Demetriou, Frances Chow, David W. Craig, Michelle G. Webb, D. Ryan Ormond, James Battiste, Arnab Chakravarti, Howard Colman, John L. Villano, Bryan P. Schneider, James K.C. Liu, Michelle L. Churchman, Gabriel Zada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Glioblastoma exhibits aggressive growth and poor outcomes despite treatment, and its marked variability renders therapeutic design and prognostication challenging. The Oncology Research Information Exchange Network (ORIEN) database contains complementary clinical, genomic, and transcriptomic profiling of 206 glioblastoma patients, providing opportunities to identify novel associations between molecular features and clinical outcomes. Methods: Survival analyses were performed using the Logrank test, and clinical features were evaluated using Wilcoxon and chi-squared tests with q-values derived via Benjamini-Hochberg correction. Mutational analyses utilized sample-level enrichments from whole exome sequencing data, and statistical tests were performed using the one-sided Fisher Exact test with Benjamini-Hochberg correction. Transcriptomic analyses utilized a student's t-Test with Benjamini-Hochberg correction. Expression fold changes were processed with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis to determine pathway-level alterations between groups. Results: Key findings include an association of MUC17, SYNE1, and TENM1 mutations with prolonged overall survival (OS); decreased OS associated with higher epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) mRNA expression, but not with EGFR amplification or mutation; a 14-Transcript signature associated with OS>2 years; and 2 transcripts associated with OS<1 year. Conclusions: Herein, we report the first clinical, genomic, and transcriptomic analysis of ORIEN glioblastoma cases, incorporating sample reclassification under updated 2021 diagnostic criteria. These findings create multiple avenues for further investigation and reinforce the value of multi-institutional consortia such as ORIEN in deepening our knowledge of intractable diseases such as glioblastoma.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbervdae046
JournalNeuro-Oncology Advances
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press, the Society for Neuro-Oncology and the European Association of Neuro-Oncology.


  • EGFR
  • genomics
  • glioblastoma
  • survival
  • transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology


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