Introduction: Melanoma microsatellitosis is classified as stage IIIB/C disease and is associated with a poor prognosis. Prognostic factors within this group, however, have not been well characterized. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 1,621 patients undergoing sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy at our institution (1996-2011) to compare patients with (n = 98) and patients without (n = 1,523) microsatellites. Univariate and multivariate logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with SLN positivity and melanoma-specific survival (MSS) in patients with microsatellites. Results: Patients with microsatellites were older and had lesions with higher Clark level and greater thickness that more frequently had mitoses, ulceration, and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (all p < 0.0001). In microsatellite patients, the SLN positivity rate was 43 %. Lesional ulceration (odds ratio [OR] = 2.9, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.5-8.6), absent tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (OR = 2.8, 95 % CI 1.1-7.1), and LVI (OR = 3.3, 95 % CI 1.7-10) were significantly associated with SLN positivity by multivariate analysis. With a median follow-up of 4.5 years in survivors, ulceration (hazards ratio [HR] = 3.4, 95 % CI 1.5-7.8) and >1 metastatic LN (HR = 2.7, 95 % CI 1.1-6.6) were significantly associated with decreased MSS by multivariate analysis. In patients without these prognostic factors, the 5-year MSS was 90 % (n = 49) compared with 50 % (n = 23) among patients with ulceration only, 51 % (n = 12) in those with >1 metastatic LN only, or 25 % in those with both (n = 14, p < 0.01). Discussion: Microsatellitosis was frequently associated with multiple adverse pathologic features. In the absence of ulceration and >1 metastatic LN; however, the outcome for patients with microsatellites compared favorably to stage IIIB patients overall.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of Surgical Oncology|
|State||Published - Mar 2014|
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