Project DARE: No effects at 10-year follow-up

Donald R. Lynam, Richard Milich, Rick Zimmerman, Scott P. Novak, T. K. Logan, Catherine Martin, Carl Leukefeld, Richard Clayton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

231 Scopus citations


The present study examined the impact of Project DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education), a widespread drug-prevention program, 10 years after administration. A total of 1,002 individuals who in 6th grade had either received DARE or a standard drug-education curriculum, were reevaluated at age 20. Few differences were found between the 2 groups in terms of actual drug use, drug attitudes, or self-esteem, and in no case did the DARE group have a more successful outcome than the comparison group. Possible reasons why DARE remains so popular, despite the lack of documented efficacy, are offered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-593
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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