PROMIS peer relationships short form: How well does self-report correlate with data from peers?

Katie A. Devine, Victoria W. Willard, Matthew C. Hocking, Jerod L. Stapleton, David Rotter, William M. Bukowski, Robert B. Noll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine the psychometric properties of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMISVR ) peer relationships short form (PR-SF), including association with peer-reported friendships, likeability, and social reputation. Method 203 children (Mage ¼ 10.12 years, SD ¼ 2.37, range ¼ 6-14) in Grades 1-8 completed the 8-item PR-SF and friendship nominations, like ratings, and social reputation measures about their peers during 2 classroom visits approximately 4 months apart, as part of a larger study. A confirmatory factor analysis, followed by an exploratory factor analysis, was conducted to examine the factor structure of the PR-SF. Spearman correlations between the PR-SF and peer-reported outcomes evaluated construct validity. Results For the PR-SF, a 2-factor solution demonstrated better fit than a 1-factor solution. The 2 factors appear to assess friendship quality (3 items) and peer acceptance (5 items). Reliability was marginal for the friendship quality factor (.66) but adequate for the acceptance factor (.85); stability was .34 for the PR-SF over 4 months. The PR-SF (8 items) and acceptance factor (5 items) both had modest but significant correlations with measures of friendship (rs ¼ .25-.27), likeability (rs ¼ .21-.22), and social reputation (rs ¼ .29-.44). Conclusions The PR-SF appears to be measuring two distinct aspects of social functioning. The 5-item peer acceptance scale is modestly associated with peer-reported friendship, likeability, and social reputation. Although not a replacement for peer-reported outcomes, the PR-SF is a promising patient-reported outcome for peer relationships in youth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1067
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology.

Keywords

  • Children
  • PROMIS
  • Peer relationships
  • Psychometrics
  • Social functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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