Promotion of flowering from far-red radiation depends on the photosynthetic daily light integral

W. Garrett Owen, Qingwu Meng, Roberto G. Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Under natural short days, growers can use photoperiodic lighting to promote flowering of long-day plants and inhibit flowering of short-day plants. Unlike traditional lamps used for photoperiodic lighting, low-intensity light-emitting diode (LED) lamps allow for a wide array of adjustable spectral distributions relevant to regulation of flowering, including red (R) and white (W) radiation with or without far-red (FR) radiation. Our objective was to quantify how day-extension (DE) photoperiodic lighting from two commercially available low-intensity LED lamps emitting R + W or R + W + FR radiation interacted with daily light integral (DLI) to influence stem elongation and flowering of several ornamental species. Long-day plants [petunia (Petunia ×hybrida Vilm.-Andr. ‘Dreams Midnight’) and snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus L. ‘Oh Snap Pink’)], short-day plants [african marigold (Tagetes erecta L. ‘Moonsong Deep Orange’) and potted sunflower (Helianthus annuusL. ‘Pacino Gold’)], and day-neutral plants [pansy (Viola ×wittrockiana Gams. ‘Matrix Yellow’) and zinnia (Zinnia elegans Jacq. ‘Magellan Cherry’)] were grown at 20/18 °C day/night air temperatures and under low (6–9 mol•m−2•d−1) or high (16–19 mol•m−2•d−1) seasonal photosynthetic DLIs from ambient solar radiation combined with supplemental high-pressure sodium lighting and DE LED lighting. Photoperiods consisted of a truncated 9-hour day (0800–1700 HR) with additional 1-hour (1700–1800 HR, 10 hours total), 4-hour (1700–2100 HR, 13 hours total), or 7-hour (1700–2400 HR, 16 hours total) R + W or R + W + FR LED lighting at 2 μmol•m−2•s−1. Days to visible bud, plant height at first open flower, and time to first open flower (TTF) of each species were influenced by DLI, lamp type, and photoperiod though to different magnitudes. For example, plant height of african marigold and potted sunflower at first open flower was greatest under R + W + FR lamps, high DLIs, and 16-hour photoperiods. Petunia grown under R + W lamps, high DLI, and 10- and 13-hour photoperiods were the most compact. For all species, TTF was generally reduced under high DLIs. For example, regardless of the lamp type, flowering of african marigold occurred fastest under a high DLI and 10-hour photoperiod. Flowering of petunia and snapdragon occurred fastest under a high DLI, R + W + FR lamps, and a 16-hour photoperiod. However, only under high DLIs, R + W or R + W + FR lamps were equally effective at promoting flowering when used to provide DE lighting. Our data suggest that under low DLIs, flowering of long-day plants (petunia and snapdragon) occurs more rapidly under lamps providing R + W + FR, whereas under high DLIs, flowering is promoted similarly under either R + W or R + W + FR lamps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-471
Number of pages7
JournalHortScience
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, American Society for Horticultural Science. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Annual bedding plants
  • DLI
  • Day-extension lighting
  • LEDs
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Long-day
  • Photoperiod
  • Short-day

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Promotion of flowering from far-red radiation depends on the photosynthetic daily light integral'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this