Propagation of pawpaw - A review

Robert L. Geneve, Kirk W. Pomper, Sharon T. Kester, Jonathan N. Egilla, Cynthia L.H. Finneseth, Sheri B. Crabtree, Desmond R. Layne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Pawpaw (Asimina triloba) is an under-exploited small tree with commercial potential as a fruit crop, ornamental tree, and source of secondary products with insecticidal and medicinal properties. It is most often propagated from seeds that are recalcitrant and must be stored moist at a chilling temperature. Seeds display combinational (morphophysiological) dormancy. Endogenous, physiological dormancy is broken by about 100 days of chilling stratification followed by a period of warm moist conditions where the small embryo develops prior to seedling emergence about 45 days after the warm period begins. Pawpaw cultivars with superior fruit characteristics are propagated by grafting onto seedling understocks. The most common practice is chip budding. Other methods of clonal propagation have proven problematic. Pawpaw can be propagated from cuttings, but only in very young seedling stock plants. Micropropagation from mature sources is not yet possible, but shoot proliferation has been accomplished from seedling explants and explants rejuvenated by induction of shoots from root cuttings of mature plants. However, rooting of microcuttings and subsequent acclimatization has not been successful.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-433
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003


  • Asimina triloba
  • Budding
  • Cuttings
  • Dormancy
  • Grafting
  • Layering
  • Micropropagation
  • Recalcitrant
  • Seeds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture


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