Recent studies have shown that aflatoxin B1 enhances reactive oxygen species formation and causes oxidative damage, which may ultimately contribute to the cytotoxicity and carcinogenic effect of aflatoxin B1. Ebselen, 2-phenyl-1,2-benzoisoseleazol-3(H)-one, a synthetic seleno-organic compound has been shown to possess glutathione peroxidase-like activity and free radical scavenging ability. Thus present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of ebselen on aflatoxin B1-induced cytotoxicity in primary rat hepatocytes. Aflatoxin B1-induced cytotoxicity and lipid peroxidation were determined by lactate dehydrogenase leakage and malondialdehyde generation, respectively. Intracellular reactive oxygen species level was measured using the fluorescent probe 2',7'- dichlorofluorescin diacetate, and the intracellular reduced glutathione concentration was determined with a fluorometric method. Ebselen was found to display a dose-dependent protective effect on lactate dehydrogenase leakage and malondialdehyde generation caused by aflatoxin B1 exposure. The results also demonstrate that ebselen efficiently inhibits the intracellular reactive oxygen species formation in aflatoxin B1-treated hepatocytes in a dose and time-dependent manner. It was also noted that ebselen was able to increase the intracellular reduced glutathione concentration, both in the control and in aflatoxin B1-treated hepatocytes. The protection of ebselen against aflatoxin B1 cytotoxicity, however, was not affected by lowering the concentration of intracellular reduced glutathione. The overall data indicate that ebselen possesses a potent protective effect against aflatoxin B1- induced cytotoxicity, and the main mechanism involved in the protection may be its strong capability in inhibiting intracellular reactive oxygen species formation and preventing oxidative damage.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Pharmacology and Toxicology|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis