Proteomics of muscle-specific beef color stability

Poulson Joseph, Surendranath P. Suman, Gregg Rentfrow, Shuting Li, Carol M. Beach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

208 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to differentiate the sarcoplasmic proteome of color-stable (Longissimus lumborum; LL) and color-labile (Psoas major; PM) beef muscles. LL and PM muscles from seven beef carcasses (24 h post-mortem) were fabricated into 2.54 cm steaks, aerobically packaged, and assigned to refrigerated retail display for 9 days. LL steaks demonstrated greater (P < 0.05) color stability and lower (P < 0.05) lipid oxidation than PM steaks. Proteome analyses identified 16 differentially abundant proteins in LL and PM, including antioxidant proteins and chaperones. Proteins demonstrating positive correlation with redness (aldose reductase, creatine kinase, and β-enolase) and color stability (peroxiredoxin-2, peptide methionine sulfoxide reductase, and heat shock protein-27 kDa) were overabundant in LL, whereas the protein overabundant in PM (mitochondrial aconitase) exhibited negative correlation with redness. The color stability of LL could be attributed to the overabundance of antioxidant proteins and chaperones, and this finding suggests the necessity of developing muscle-specific processing strategies to improve beef color.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3196-3203
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume60
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2012

Keywords

  • Longissimus lumborum
  • Psoas major
  • beef color
  • color stability
  • sarcoplasmic proteome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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