Proton Mass Decomposition from the QCD Energy Momentum Tensor

Yi Bo Yang, Jian Liang, Yu Jiang Bi, Ying Chen, Terrence Draper, Keh Fei Liu, Zhaofeng Liu

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106 Scopus citations


We report results on the proton mass decomposition and also on related quark and glue momentum fractions. The results are based on overlap valence fermions on four ensembles of Nf=2+1 domain wall fermion configurations with three lattice spacings and three volumes, and several pion masses including the physical pion mass. With fully nonperturbative renormalization (and universal normalization on both quark and gluon), we find that the quark energy and glue field energy contribute 32(4)(4)% and 36(5)(4)% respectively in the MS (modified minimal substraction) scheme at μ=2 GeV. A quarter of the trace anomaly gives a 23(1)(1)% contribution to the proton mass based on the sum rule, given 9(2)(1)% contribution from the u, d, and s quark scalar condensates. The u, d, s, and glue momentum fractions in the MS scheme are in good agreement with global analyses at μ=2 GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number212001
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 19 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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