PRP38 Encodes a Yeast Protein Required for Pre-mRNA Splicing and Maintenance of Stable U6 Small Nuclear RNA Levels

Steven Blanton, Aparna Srinivasan, Brian C. Rymond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

An essential pre-mRNA splicing factor, the product of the PRP38 gene, has been genetically identified in a screen of temperature-sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Shifting temperature-sensitive prp38 cultures from 23 to 37°C prevents the first cleavage-ligation event in the excision of introns from mRNA precursors. In vitro splicing inactivation and complementation studies suggest that the PRP38-encoded factor functions at least in part, after stable splicing complex formation. The PRP38 locus contains a 726-bp open reading frame coding for an acidic 28-kDa polypeptide (PRP38). While PRP38 lacks obvious structural similarity to previously defined splicing factors, heat inactivation of PRP38, PRP19, or any of the known U6 (or U4/U6) small nuclear ribonucleoprotein-associating proteins (i.e., PRP3, PRP4, PRP6, and PRP24) leads to a common, unexpected consequence: intracellular U6 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) levels decrease as splicing activity is lost. Curiously, U4 snRNA, normally extensively base paired with U6 snRNA, persists in the virtual absence of U6 snRNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3939-3947
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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