Psychological response to test results in an ovarian cancer screening program: A prospective, longitudinal study

Michael A. Andrykowski, Laura M. Boerner, John M. Salsman, Edward Pavlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

To identify the psychological impact of receipt of an abnormal yet benign screening test result, the authors examined the response to a transvaginal ultrasound screening (TVS) test for ovarian cancer (OC) in asymptomatic women (N = 540) undergoing an initial TVS screening test. Interviews were conducted prior to undergoing TVS screening and at 2 weeks and 4 months following this baseline. Women receiving an abnormal yet benign TVS test result (n = 33) reported elevated OC-specific, but not general, distress at 2-week follow-up. Distress returned to baseline levels at 4-month follow-up. Consistent with the monitoring process and cognitive-social health information processing models, response to an abnormal TVS result was moderated by a monitoring coping style, low optimism, and a family history of OC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-630
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Cancer screening
  • Distress
  • Psychosocial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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