PTSD symptoms among men and women survivors of intimate partner violence: The role of risk and protective factors

Ann L. Coker, Rebecca Weston, Daniel L. Creson, Blair Justice, Patricia Blakeney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this cross-sectional analysis of the National Violence Against Women Survey was to characterize current symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 185 men and 369 women survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). In this subsample, 24% of women and 20% of men had current moderate-to-severe PTSD symptoms. PTSD scores were higher for women than men. Protective factors that appear to increase resiliency of survivors were higher education and income, being currently married, and reporting that IPV had stopped. Higher physical or psychological IPV scores, current depressive symptoms, and the survivor having left the relationship at least once were associated with risk of moderate-to-severe symptoms of PTSD. Protective factors may be used to boost resiliency of IPV survivors and reduce PTSD symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-643
Number of pages19
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Depressive symptoms
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Resilience
  • Spouse abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

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