Published population pharmacokinetic models of valproic acid in adult patients: a systematic review and external validation in a Chinese sample of inpatients with bipolar disorder

Yan Nan Zang, Wei Guo, Fang Dong, An Ning Li, Jose de Leon, Can Jun Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study reviewed all published valproic acid (VPA) population pharmacokinetic (PPK) models in adult patients and assessed them using external validation methods to determine predictive performance. Methods: Thirteen published PPK models (labeled with letters A to M) not restricted to children were identified in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases. They were evaluated in a sample totaling 411 serum concentrations from 146 adult inpatients diagnosed with bipolar disorder in a Chinese hospital. Serum concentrations of VPA were analyzed by validated ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Performance was assessed by four tests (prediction-based diagnostics, visual predictive checks, normalized prediction distribution error, and Bayesian forecasting). Results: Models K and L, developed in large samples of Chinese and Thai patients, showed good performance in our Chinese dataset. Models H and J demonstrated good performance in 2 and 3 of the 4 tests, respectively. Another seven models exhibited intermediate performance. The models with the worst performance, F and M, could not be improved by Bayesian forecasting. Conclusion: In our validation study, the most important factors contributing to good performance were absence of children, Asian ethnicity, one-compartment models, and inclusion of body weight and VPA dose in previously published models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-635
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Asian continental ancestry group
  • bipolar disorder
  • drug monitoring
  • population pharmacokinetics
  • systematic review
  • valproic acid/administration and dosage
  • valproic acid/blood
  • valproic acid/metabolism
  • valproic acid/pharmacokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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