QCD and strongly coupled gauge theories: challenges and perspectives

N. Brambilla, S. Eidelman, P. Foka, S. Gardner, A. S. Kronfeld, M. G. Alford, R. Alkofer, M. Butenschoen, T. D. Cohen, J. Erdmenger, L. Fabbietti, M. Faber, J. L. Goity, B. Ketzer, H. W. Lin, F. J. Llanes-Estrada, H. B. Meyer, P. Pakhlov, E. Pallante, M. I. PolikarpovH. Sazdjian, A. Schmitt, W. M. Snow, A. Vairo, R. Vogt, A. Vuorinen, H. Wittig, P. Arnold, P. Christakoglou, P. Di Nezza, Z. Fodor, X. Garcia i Tormo, R. Höllwieser, M. A. Janik, A. Kalweit, D. Keane, E. Kiritsis, A. Mischke, R. Mizuk, G. Odyniec, K. Papadodimas, A. Pich, R. Pittau, J. W. Qiu, G. Ricciardi, C. A. Salgado, K. Schwenzer, N. G. Stefanis, G. M. Von Hippel, V. I. Zakharov

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

391 Citations (SciVal)


We highlight the progress, current status, and open challenges of QCD-driven physics, in theory and in experiment. We discuss how the strong interaction is intimately connected to a broad sweep of physical problems, in settings ranging from astrophysics and cosmology to strongly coupled, complex systems in particle and condensed-matter physics, as well as to searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. We also discuss how success in describing the strong interaction impacts other fields, and, in turn, how such subjects can impact studies of the strong interaction. In the course of the work we offer a perspective on the many research streams which flow into and out of QCD, as well as a vision for future developments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2981
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 21 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We dedicate this document to the memory of Mikhail Polikarpov, who passed away in July 2013. Misha worked with us for decades as a convener of the “Confinement” section of the Quark Confinement and Hadron Spectrum Series. He guided and expanded the scientific discussion of that topic, inspiring and undertaking new research avenues. From its initial conception, he supported the enterprise of this document and organized Sect. , writing the part on confinement himself. He attracted the XI Conference on Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum to St. Petersburg (September 8-12, 2014; see http://phys.spbu.ru/confxi.html ). His warm and kind personality, his high sense of humor, his ideas in physics, and his special energy in imagining and realizing new projects will be always a loss and an example for us. We also miss four other physicists who made lasting contributions to the field of strong interactions: Dmitri Diakonov, Nikolai Uraltsev, Pierre van Baal, and Kenneth Wilson. We remember Misha, Dima, Ken, Kolya, and Pierre with fondness and gratitude. In addition, S.G. would like to dedicate her work on this document to the memory of her mother and mentor, Gladys Strom Gardner. The authors thank Mikko Laine for collaboration during initial stages of the project. In addition, Véronique Bernard, Alex Bondar, Geoffrey T. Bodwin, Davide Caffarri, Gilberto Colangelo, Lance Dixon, Gernot Eichmann, Christoph Hanhart, Ulrich Heinz, Aleksi Kurkela, Vittorio Lubicz, Alexander Milov, Bachir Moussallam, Antonio Pineda, Brad Plaster, Massimiliano Procura, Joan Soto, Reinhard Stock, Ruth Van de Water, Ubirajara van Kolck, Julia Velkovska, and Richard Williams provided helpful correspondance and contributions during the preparation of this review. Finally, the Editors thank Małgorzata Janik for maintaining document and bibliography updates and for coordinating an editorial team of Jeremi Niedziela and Anna Zaborowska. The authors appreciate and acknowledge support for work on this document provided, in part or in whole, by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Offices of Nuclear and High-Energy physics, under contracts #DE-FG02-05ER41375 and #DE-FG02-91ER40628 (M. Alford and K. Schwenzer) the EU I3HP project EPOS “Exciting Physics of Strong Interactions” (WP4 of HadronPhysics3) (R. Alkofer) U.S. Department of Energy grant no. DE-SC0007984, (P. Arnold) Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG EClust 153 “Origin and Structure of the Universe” (N. Brambilla, L. Fabbietti, B. Ketzer, A. Vairo) Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG grants BR 4058/2-1 and BR 4058/1-1; work supported in part by DFG and NSFC (CRC 110) (N. Brambilla, A. Vairo) U.S. Department of Energy (T. Cohen) Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) of Italy (P. Di Nezza) the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation; the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under grants 12-02-01032 and 12-02-01296 and the German Research Foundation (DFG) under grant HA 1457/9-1. (S. Eidelman) Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF Grant No. 05P12WOGHH; Helmholtz Young Investigator University Group, VH-NG-330 (L. Fabbietti) Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) under the Sinergia grant number CRSII21418471 (X. Garcia i Tormo) U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Physics under contract DE-FG02-96ER40989 (S. Gardner) DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177 under which JSA operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, and by the National Science Foundation through grants PHY-0855789 and PHY-1307413 (J. Goity) Austrian Science Foundation FWF under project No. P20016-N16 (R. Höllwieser) Polish National Science Centre reaserch grant UMO-2012/05/N/ST2/ 02757 (M. A. Janik) European Union in the framework of European Social Fund through the Warsaw University of Technology Development Programme (M. A. Janik) U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics, under grant DE-FG02-89ER40531 (D. Keane) Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF Grant No. 05P12WOCC1 (B. Ketzer) European Union program “Thales” ESF/NSRF 2007-2013 (E. Kiritsis) European Union (European Social Fund, ESF) and Greek national funds through the Operational Program “Education and Lifelong Learning” of the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF) under “Funding of proposals that have received a positive evaluation in the 3rd and 4th Call of ERC Grant Schemes” (E. Kiritsis) European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreements (FP7-REGPOT-2012-2013-1) No. 316165, and PIF-GA-2011-300984 and by the European Commission under the ERC Advanced Grant BSMOXFORD 228169 (E. Kiritsis) Fermilab is operated by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy (A. S. Kronfeld) U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Physics under contract DE-FG02-97ER4014 (H.-W. Lin) Spanish grant FPA2011-27853-C02-01 (Felipe J. Llanes-Estrada) Center for Computational Sciences as part of the Rhineland-Palatinate Research Initiative (H. B. Meyer) the DFG grant ME 3622/2-1 (H. B. Meyer) the European Research Council under the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement No. 210223 (A. Mischke) Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (project number 680-47-232) (A. Mischke) Dutch Foundation for Fundamental Research (project number 10PR2884) (A. Mischke) the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant 14-02-01220) (R. Mizuk) U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Nuclear Science Division, under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 (G. Odyniec) Spanish Government and EU funds for regional development grants FPA2011-23778 and CSD2007-00042 (A. Pich) Generalitat Valenciana grant PrometeoII/2013/007 (A. Pich) the European Research Council under the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement No. 291377 (R. Pittau) Spanish grant FPA2011-22398 (R. Pittau) U. S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 and the National Science Foundation under grant Nos. PHY-0969739 and -1316617 (J.-W. Qiu) Italian MIUR under project 2010YJ2NYW and INFN under specific initiative QNP (G. Ricciardi) The European Research Council grant HotLHC ERC-2011-StG-279579; by Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion of Spain (FPA2009-11951) and by Xunta de Galicia. (C. A. Salgado) the EU I3HP project “Study of Strongly Interacting Matter” (acronym HadronPhysics3), Grant Agreement No. 283286 (H. Sazdjian) Austrian Science Foundation FWF under project No. P23536-N16 (A. Schmitt) NSF PHY-0969490 and Indiana University Center for Spacetime Symmetries (W. M. Snow) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. The work is also supported in part by the US DOE JET topical collaboration. (R. Vogt) Academy of Finland, grant # 266185 (A. Vuorinen) Preprint numbers CCQCN-2014-24 CCTP-2014-5 CERN-PH-TH/2014-033 DF-1-2014 FERMILAB-PUB-14-024/T HIP-2014-03/TH ITEP-LAT-2014-1 JLAB-THY-14-1865 LLNL-JRNL-651216 MITP/14-016 NT@UW 14-04 RUB-TPII-01/2014 TUM-EFT 46/14 UWThPh-2014-006

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© 2014, The Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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