Quadrupled semitendinosus-gracilis autograft fixation in the femoral tunnel: A comparison between a metal and a bioabsorbable interference screw

D. N.M. Caborn, M. Coen, R. Neef, D. Hamilton, J. Nyland, D. L. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although semitendinosus-gracilis (SG) grafts for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction have many potential benefits, effective fixation remains a challenge. This study assessed differences between the maximum pullout forces needed to detach a quadrupled SG graft from a femoral tunnel when secured by either a metal or a bioabsorbable interference screw. Sixteen paired fresh frozen quadrupled SG autografts (x, 8.4 mm; range, 7-10 mm) from 8 donors were anchored into cadaveric femoral tunnels by either a 7-mm metal or a 7-mm bioabsorbable screw after bone mineral density (BMD) assessment and before undergoing a longitudinal 20 mm/min traction force. Statistical analysis compared BMD (gm/cm2), insertional torque (N-m), and maximum load at pullout (N) between screw types. Insertional torques (.28-1.21, N-m range) did not correlate (P > .05) to BMD or maximum load at pullout (x ± S.D.) 242 ± 90.7 N (metal screw) and 341.1 ± 162.9 N (bioabsorbable screw). Differences did not exist between the maximum load at pullout for bioabsorbable or metal screw fixation (P = .16). Careful graft preparation, sizing, and matched tunnel placement enables interference fit and fixation capable of reliably withstanding the low-level rehabilitation loads to which the graft is exposed until bony ingrowth occurs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-245
Number of pages5
JournalArthroscopy
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Graft fixation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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