Qualitative research on adolescent pregnancy: A descriptive review and analysis

Hila J. Spear, Sharon Lock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


This study examined qualitative research on adolescent pregnancy to determine designs and methods used and to discover emergent themes across studies. Most of the 22 studies reviewed were described as qualitative or phenomenological by design and included samples comprising either African-American and Caucasian participants or African-Americans exclusively. Based on analysis of the collective primary findings of the sample articles, four themes were identified: (a) factors influencing pregnancy; (a) pregnancy resolution; (c) meaning of pregnancy and life transitions; and (d) parenting and motherhood. Overall, the studies revealed that most adolescent females perceive pregnancy as a rite of passage and a challenging yet positive life event. More qualitative studies are needed involving participants from various ethnic backgrounds, on males' perceptions relative to adolescent pregnancy and fatherhood, and about decision-making relevant to pregnancy resolution, intimacy, and peer relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-408
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics


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