Quality employment outcomes after multiple sclerosis: A comparison of participants from a specialty hospital and the National MS Society

James S. Krause, Phillip Rumrill, Clara E. Dismuke-Greer, Melinda Jarnecke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Employment is of great importance to adult life and the onset of a disabling condition presents significant challenges to maintaining employment or obtaining new employment. Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) typically occurs during the most active years of employment. OBJECTIVE: To identify employment status, earnings, and job satisfaction of participants with MS and to compare these findings with that from a study of the National MS Society (NMSS). METHODS: Data were collected via mailed and web self-report assessment. RESULTS: We found an overall employment rate of 44.6%. This was higher than the rate observed in the NMSS study (39.3%). Among those who were employed, the majority of participants were in the two lowest earning categories (less than $25,000=23.1%; $25,000-49,999=24.3%). Education was highly related to employment. For race/ethnicity, the highest employment rate was observed for non-Hispanic white participants (48.19%), followed by Hispanic (44.68%) and non-Hispanic blacks (35.9%). CONCLUSIONS: MS is related to diminishing employment outcomes that may affect participation and quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-186
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded through a Health Care Delivery and Policy Research grant from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, New York, NY. The authors wish to thank the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, its participating chapters, and the study participants for their support and assistance with this research. The Shepherd Center in Atlanta, GA served as one of the data collection site, under the leadership of Dr. Deborah Backus. The contents of this publication were also developed under a grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR, Grant #90RT5035). NIDILRR is a Center within the Administration for Community Living (ACL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The contents of this publication do not necessarily represent the policies of NIDILRR, ACL, or HHS,

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.


  • Multiple sclerosis
  • employment
  • job satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy


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